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WHAT IS A SOCIAL INSURANCE NUMBER (SIN) IN CANADA?

Canada

SOCIAL INSURANCE NUMBER (SIN) IN CANADA is the same as your Tax File Number in Australia, your Social Security Number in the USA or your Numéro de Sécurité Sociale en France.

If you are going to work in Canada, you will need a SIN to get paid.

How do I get a Social Insurance Number in Canada?

You will want to get this sorted as soon as you arrive in Canada. It is not difficult. The application form even comes with instructions!

You can pick the form up straight away at the airport when you arrive or in any Post Canada or Service Canada office.

Then it’s as simple as finding your nearest Service Canada office on arrival and dropping in the form.

Don’t forget to bring your passport and work permit to prove you are you. They will also ask for a permanent address, but you can use your place of work, a hostel, or a friend’s address if you don’t have one yet.

You will receive your SIN on the same day.

You should make sure to protect you SOCIAL INSURANCE NUMBER (SIN) IN CANADA. It’s a piece of paper that is very easy to lose, so don’t! Staple it into your passport, take a picture of it and email it to yourself, or keep it someplace secure.

Remember, you cannot receive your SIN online, so you will need to look after the paper copy. You can download and print the papers from the internet, but you cannot submit them electronically.

Who should apply for a SIN?

You may be wondering whether or not you need to apply for a SIN when you enter the country.

A Canadian citizen or a permanent resident will always be eligible to apply for a SIN.

However, this is not always the case for temporary residents – only Work Permit and Study Permit (if allowed to work) holders are eligible for a SIN.

A visitor to the country does not need to apply for a SIN.

Will I need a SIN to open a Canadian bank account?

The short answer to this is no.

Under the Income Tax Act, banks will ask you for your SIN when you open an interest-bearing account. However, other bank accounts can be opened without your SIN.

The SIN is one of a list of documents that you can use as evidence of identification when opening a Canadian bank account.

It’s not easy to get this back if you lose it. Your SIN will expire on the day that your visa expires.

What documents do I need to get my SIN?

You must provide original documents of what you are giving.

A primary document is an official document that proves your identity and status in Canada.

Canadian citizens must provide an original of one of the following:

  • Work permit
  • Study permit

How long will it take to receive my SIN?

Provided all goes well, you should receive your SIN number on the very same day you apply for it.

source: workingholidayincanada

If you have any more queries, you can ask your question in the forum of Canadians Live.

HOW TO GET PREPARED FOR CANADA

Canada

Here are the most important things you need to do, bring and learn to get prepared for Canada.

1. Get your documents translated into French or English.

When you arrive in Canada and are speaking to immigration officers, be prepared to show your documents and their certified translations if asked.

2. Find out if your profession is regulated in Canada.

Teachers, engineers, architects, accountants, social workers, any medical professionals, and trades such as electricians, plumbers, and welders, will need to get a Canadian license or certification before they can work in Canada. It differs by province.

3. Purchase private health insurance.

You will need it in case you have to pay for emergency medical treatment until you get Canadian government insurance (3 months or longer).

4. Learn about the province where you are planning to settle.

To get prepared for Canada It is very important to understand that different provinces have different laws and rules, including those that apply to healthcare, education, work licensing and other issues that directly affect immigrants’ lives. Do not research Canada in general – research your specific province.

5. Collect and bring to Canada all the official documents belonging to you and the members of your family:

  • birth certificates
  • passports
  • marriage/divorce certificates; death certificates for a deceased spouse
  • adoption records for adopted children
  • educational diplomas and certificates; transcripts that list the courses you took to obtain your degree or certificate
  • vaccination records
  • medical records (prescriptions, test results, x-rays, allergies) and dental records
  • driver’s license and/or IDP (International Driving Permit)

6. Prepare your Proof of Funds

You can bring money into Canada in different forms. When you arrive, you must tell a border official if you are carrying more than C$10,000 (per family if traveling as a family).

If you bring more than C$10,000 (or the equivalent in another currency) per family or a single traveler into Canada, you must declare the amount when you arrive. You must fill out the form Cross-Border Currency or Monetary Instruments Report – Individual (E677) [PDF].

The Canadian Border Services Agency (CBSA) has the right to seize any money over C$10,000 that is not declared, you may need to pay a fine or face other penalties if you fail to declare money above the threshold. 

You can bring money into Canada in the form of:

  • Cash
  • Securities in bearer form (for example, stocks, bonds, debentures, treasury bills)
  • Negotiable instruments in bearer form (for example, bank drafts, cheques, travellers’ cheques, money orders)
  • Transfer of funds between your bank and a Canadian bank

Speak with your financial institution before you come to Canada about currency laws and regulations in Canada and in the country you are leaving. There may be restrictions on the amount of money you can take out of the country.

If you are coming from a country that has currency restrictions, you may have up to 3 years to import goods purchased with this money in your former country. However, you must show CBSA proof that you faced restrictions.

7. Learn about the Cost of Living in Canada

Find out how much things cost (rent, utilities, food, transportation, car insurance, etc.) Most newcomers are shocked when they learn about Sales Tax and Pay Cheque Deductions.

8.  Learn about the Psychological Challenges of Immigration

If you have never immigrated before, you need to understand what the immigration process means from the social and socio-economic points of view.

9. Prepare yourself for the Five Stages of Culture Shock

99% of all immigrants go through the 5 stages after their arrival: Honeymoon/Tourist Stage, Crisis Stage, Coping/Adjustment Stage, Independence Stage, and Reverse Culture Shock. 

10. Understand Canadian Experience and Why Employers Ask for it

Many newcomers are shocked when faced with the question “Do you have Canadian experience?” 

11. Know what Canadian Employers Expect: Important Work Skills

Most newcomers don’t understand that in Canada skills have a different meaning than in their first country. For example,’ teamwork’ actually means ‘conflict resolution. To learn more about what Canadian employers expect.

12. Prepare for a Job Interview in Canada

A job interview in Canada is different than a job interview in other countries.

13. Learn Canadian English

Communication is the most important tool you can have to settle successfully in Canada and find a good job.

  • Conversation Management Strategies
  • What Canadians Talk about
  • Body Language in Canada
  • Speaking Politely in Canada
  • Canadian Communication Style
  • Phrasal Verbs and Idioms in Canada 

14. Learn how to dress for winter in Canada

Don’t bring one thick warm sweater for winter!

Sources: englishandimmigration – settlement

If you have any more queries, you can ask your question in the forum of Canadians Live.

Health System in Canada

Canada

Canadian Public Health Insurance

The health system in Canada is public. It aims to serve everyone equally and it is governed by the Canada Health Act. While the federal government provides financial support for the health system, the delivery of the health care services is managed by provincial governments.

For example, the province of Ontario has the Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP), which provides health care services to residents of Ontario and individuals from other provinces and countries that suffer health problems in Ontario. Health care in Canada is free of charge to permanent residents for ‘medically necessary’ treatments. However, most medications required for treatment have to be paid for. If treatment is deemed not to be medically necessary (such as elective cosmetic surgery), this is not covered by the public system. A large proportion of Canadians has employment or other health plans that cover part or all of the costs of the medicines required for treatment.

Canada’s public health system means that health care services are provided to everyone equally. However, in recent years, crowded hospitals and emergency rooms, and long waiting times for the treatment have induced a public outcry for better service delivery and private health care centers. Most recently, a court in Quebec ruled that individuals have the right to choose between public and private health care. It is illegal in Canada to perform medically necessary services outside of the public health system; therefore, there are no private medical establishments. For non-medically necessary services (such as elective cosmetic surgery), there are a number of private establishments.

Eligibility and Conditions

In order to be eligible for health care treatment and services in Canada, you must have a permanent resident status. Some refugees are allowed permanent resident status while in Canada and they are eligible for health care.

Keep in mind that there is a 3-month period after your arrival in Canada (if arriving as a permanent resident) before you are eligible for health care. You should purchase private health insurance for that three-month period.

In order to apply for health care in Canada, you will need three of the following:

For Permanent Residents / Landed Immigrants:

  • Canadian Immigration Identification Card
  • Confirmation of permanent residence (IMM 5292 Form)
  • Permanent Resident Card
  • Record of Landing (IMM 1000 Form)
  • For Other Immigration

For Stateless Persons

  • Letter from Immigration and Refugee Board confirming Convention Refugee or Protected Person status
  • Protected Person status document
  • Temporary Resident Permit (restrictions apply)
  • Work Permit (restrictions apply)
  • Written confirmation from Citizenship and Immigration Canada that you have applied for permanent residence in Canada and have passed the immigration medical exam
  • Your passport and landed immigrant papers / permanent resident card.

For province-specific regulations, visit the Health Canada website. For example, in Ontario, to be eligible for health coverage by the Provincial health plan you have to belong to one of the following categories:

  • You are a Canadian citizen, permanent resident or landed immigrant, convention refugee, or are registered as an Indian under the Indian Act
  • You have submitted an Application for Permanent Residence or an Application for Landing and have been confirmed by Citizenship and Immigration Canada as having satisfied the medical requirements for landing
  • You are a foreign worker who holds a valid work permit or employment authorization which names a Canadian employer situated in Ontario and your prospective occupation and is valid for at least six months
  • You are a foreign clergy member who will be providing services to a religious congregation in Ontario for at least six months
  • You hold a Temporary Resident Permit or Minister’s Permit with a case type 80 (for adoption only), 86, 87, 88 or 89
  • You are the spouse, same-sex partner, or dependent child (under 19 years of age) of a foreign clergy member or eligible foreign worker who is to be employed in Ontario for a period of at least three consecutive years
  • You hold a work permit or employment authorization under the Live-In Caregivers in Canada Program or the Foreign Domestic Movement
  • You have been issued a work permit or employment authorization under the CaribbeanCommonwealth and Mexican Season Agricultural Workers Program administered by the federal department of Citizenship and Immigration
  • And you make your permanent and principal home in Ontario
  • And you are in Ontario for at least 153 days of the first 183 days immediately following the date you establish residency in Ontario (you cannot be absent for more than 30 days during the first 6 months of residency)
  • And you are in Ontario for at least 153 days in any 12-month period

Private Health Insurance

Health System in Canada covers basic services, including primary care physicians and hospitals, there are many services that are not covered. These include special requests like dental services, optometrists, and excluded prescription medications.

Private health insurance plans are usually offered as part of employee benefit packages in many companies. Incentives usually include vision and dental care. Alternatively, Canadians can purchase insurance packages from private insurance providers.

The main reason many choose to purchase private insurance is to supplement primary health coverage. For those requiring services that may not be covered under provincial health insurance such as corrective lenses, medications, or home care, a private insurance plan offsets such medical expenses.

While private insurance can benefit those with certain specific needs, many Canadians choose to rely exclusively on the public health system.

Accessing Health Care

Accessing Canada’s health care system involves first applying for a provincial health card. Excluding inmates, the Canadian Armed Forces, and certain members of the RCMP, the Canada Health Act requires all residents of a province or territory to be accepted for health coverage. There is a waiting period in place for new immigrants that cannot exceed three months.

Once a health card is assigned, it is used whenever visiting a physician or health care provider. The health card contains an identification number, which is used to access a person’s medical information.

After obtaining health coverage, one can register with a primary care physician. For routine visits to a physician, one needs only present their health card. There are typically no forms to be filled out or individual service fees.

The availability of physicians depends largely on the number of doctors and the current demand for medical services. Currently, there is about 1 primary care doctor for every 1000 Canadians. Health System in Canada is a very essential part for the lives of Canadians.

Health Care Funding

Health care in Canada is funded at both the provincial and federal levels. The financing of health care is provided via taxation both from personal and corporate income taxes. Additional funds from other financial sources like sales tax and lottery proceeds are also used by some provinces.

Alberta, British Columbia, and Ontario also charge health premiums to supplement health funding, but such premiums are not required for health coverage as per the Canada Health Act.

Sources: justlanded – theimmigrationoffice

If you have any more queries, you can ask your question in the forum of Canadians Live.

7 Ideas for a Fun New Year’s Eve Party at Home with Kids

Canada

Celebrate New Year’s Eve Party 2021 as a family this year with this virtual food, game, and party ideas that bring the fun—and even loved ones—straight to your living room.

It probably goes without saying, but closing the door on 2020 can’t come a minute too soon. In fact, we’re looking forward to welcoming 2021 with a big celebration. A big, family-friendly, completely social-distanced, and COVID-19 compliant celebration that is—and yes, such a thing does exist!

If you have little kids, NYE isn’t a stay-up-late, open-bar kind of night anyway. Being home (and not searching for a sitter) is way easier, even in a non-pandemic year. But celebrating from your couch doesn’t mean you have to give up on making it a special night. First things first, have everyone dress up, or lean into a full pajama party scene. Next, bling out. You can buy hats, streamers, and noisemakers, or you can craft your own. JOANN Stores experts have several online free tutorials to make everything from festive New Year’s headbands to wands, crowns, and glasses.

Decorate your space with streamers and lights, or add backdrops like this celebratory Times Square one from Party City. Then take some silly selfies to post on social media, you can even add photo booth props for the whole family.

Once you and your space are decked out, plan to do one or a few of these fun ideas for a safe, social-distanced New Year’s Eve to remember.

Cook Dinner Alongside an Expert

If you’re anything like us, you’ve now planned and cleaned up, enough meals at home in 2020 to qualify as a Top Chef contestant. Make this feel like a real holiday treat by bringing in an expert, virtually, to guide you through a special dinner experience. Get ingredients delivered from Goldbelly and cook pizza along live with Emmy of Emmy Squared. The experience even includes a cocktail kit for the grownups that pairs perfectly with your pizza. Truffle Shuffle also offers a video class, plus all the ingredients shipped to your door, to make a decadent truffle topped with mac and cheese. (You can leave some non-truffle topped for the kids—more truffles for you!)

Party Around the World, Starting in Times Square

Since you have the magic of the internet at your fingertips, it’s easy to dial into celebrations around the world. In fact, this year, the world-famous party in Times Square is going entirely virtual on a newly developed website, and it includes live-streamed celebrations around the globe starting at 6 p.m. You could actually say Happy New Year every hour until your kids pass out! Plus, in between the streams, there will be games and other interactive features.

Attend a Virtual Noon Year’s Eve Party

Who says you have to ring in the new year at 12 a.m.? Why not try at 12 p.m.? Picking lunchtime for your celebration is a great way to let little kids in on the countdown fun before nap time. You can find live virtual celebrations for families pretty much around the clock on December 31. Here are a few free options to choose from on Eventbrite:

  • Children’s Noon Year’s Eve Party
  • Kids New Year’s Eve ZOOM Party and Countdown – McKhool & the Gang
  • Noon Year’s Eve Family Fun Party hosted by Girl Scouts!

Play Party Games with Friends

We know the kids miss their friends, because we miss our grownup ones, too. So this might be a great night to reconnect, from afar, while we remember the good times. We’re big fans of the interactive, social-distanced party games that you control with your phone on Jackbox, which offers plenty of trivia-style, fill-in-the-blank options, including a few updates for the holidays. (This is a good one for ages 10 and up.)

Host a Virtual Movie Night

Create a movie night with friends in other houses using the GroupWatch feature on Disney for kids of any age. A few to consider: High School Musical (includes a New Year’s Eve party), Cinderella (getting ready for the “ball”), and Ratatouille (food and celebrations in the City of Light). Give the movies a festive feel by dropping off (or emailing if you’re super organized) a hot cocoa kit for friends, advises entertaining expert Paul Zahn. Create baggies with items like marshmallows, hot cocoa mix, and mini candy canes, and place them in a Mason jar, then add a label and a bag of microwave popcorn. You can all sip your cocoa straight from the jar while you watch the movie together from your own homes.

Create a Digital Time Capsule

2020 is going to be one for the history books, and not one we’ll soon forget. Help your kids cap off the year by making a time capsule, says Michelle Stansbury, Zulily lifestyle expert. You can always do it the old-fashioned way: grab a Mason jar and have kids fill it with keepsakes from the previous year, including a family photo, then seal it up not to be opened for a decade or two. But this year, consider a virtual version, like Memories. The site lets you send messages to a loved one anywhere in the world via email or text message, or even to yourself, to be delivered in the future as a reminder of this moment in time.

Sing Together in a Virtual Karaoke Session

What kid doesn’t want to let loose and has some noisy fun? Book a virtual karaoke room and invite friends and family to join for an epic jam session or raucous dance party. Let kids turn up the volume as you countdown the end of 2020 at whatever time you choose. See ya in 2020, can’t wait to meet you in 2021!

Source: parents

If you have any more queries, you can ask your question in the forum of Canadians Live.

FIRST DAYS IN CANADA

Canada

Here are the most important things to do during your first days in Canada.

1. Choose a good neighborhood to enroll your children in a good school

Your child will have to go to your neighborhood school so be very careful when choosing where to live. If you came to Canada to give a good education to your children, choose a school with a good reputation, and settle in that neighborhood. Not all public schools are equally good – sometimes there is a huge difference.

2. Get help: Find an Immigrant Service Agency / a Community Center 

These centers will help you with almost anything: enrolling your child in school, finding a place to live, writing a Canadian-style resume, getting ready for a job interview, etc. If you have a problem or don’t know something, ask to be guided.

3. If it’s winter, learn how to dress!

Don’t suffer – learn how to dress in winter. Windchill in winter is the reason for feeling so cold. Whenever the temperature drops, your body needs several days to adjust. If you came from a warmer country, it will take your body time to adjust. The secret to dressing warmly is to dress in layers: you need a minimum of two layers on your legs (or three if it’s really cold) and up to 5 layers on your body. Boots are very important.

4. Know your transportation options and study the map 

What public transportation is available? Are there buses, subway, streetcars? The sooner you’re comfortable with traveling around the city, the sooner you will feel comfortable. Start by walking around your neighborhood. Take public transportation. It is very important that you don’t feel like a prisoner in your new place. If you can go anywhere, whether driving your own car or taking transit, you will feel free. Get a paper copy of the map or use google map, whichever you like more, but be sure you understand the city/town you live in. Become very familiar with the map and where everything is located. The sooner you do it, the sooner you stop feeling like a stranger.

5. Find a place to volunteer

If you don’t have a job yet, you must find a place to volunteer as soon after your arrival as you can. It will help you learn many things faster, including improving your English, getting Canadian experience, making social connections, getting references, and more. You can volunteer as little as two hours a week or as much as 5 days a week, whatever fits your life.

6. Know what to do in a medical emergency

  • 911: call 911 if somebody’s life is in danger. 911 operators will find somebody who speaks your language.
  • hospitals: ER (emergency rooms) can have a very long waiting time! Find out how long ER waiting times in your local hospital are – it could be several hours
  • walk-in clinic: is there a local walk-in clinic near your new home? These often have shorter waiting times to see a doctor (30 min to 1 hour).
  • family doctor: if you have children, it’s better to find a family doctor. If you’re single or just married, you could opt to use walk-in clinic services.
  • dentist: if you don’t have insurance that covers your dental expenses, there may be options, such as community health organizations, colleges, and universities that teach dentistry and have dental clinic programs, public health programs, and special dental care programs for children – ask your local Immigrant Services Center

7. Be careful: fraud in Canada

Yes, there is a lot of fraud in Canada too. It is very important to know that not every email you receive is legitimate. It could look like an email from your bank or from your cell phone company, but don’t automatically believe it!! The same applies to phone calls: calls from your bank may not be calls from your bank, calls from the CRA could be fake too. Do not answer any personal questions – do not give out any personal information. Hang up, find the real phone number and call yourself.

Any call saying you won some prize is a fraud. There’s also a lot of fraud in certain areas, such as moving services (if you need to move, always ask somebody to recommend a good company), job market (if they ask money from you, for example for training, and guarantee you a job after, don’t believe them), home repair scams, fake health treatment claims (miracle cure, for example for weight loss), fake charities, etc. Be careful, don’t believe things that look too good to be true or urge you to act quickly.

8. Surround yourself with English

Children adapt to the new county faster and learn the language faster because they are surrounded by English – their homework is in English, their classmates and teachers speak English, etc. As an adult, you can do the same! It’s going to be hard at first but if you watch TV in English, listen to the radio in English, watch English videos on YouTube, talk English on social media (Facebook, Instagram, etc.), read English newspaper/magazines daily, and speak to people in English at work (at your volunteer job), you will make progress almost as fast as your children!

Word of Caution on the Free English Classes:

While some classes are excellent, others could be of rather poor quality. There is no standard curriculum for these classes so a lot depends on the provider and on the individual teacher. Unfortunately, some new immigrants who don’t know this spend 3-5 or more years taking these classes but never learn to speak the language outside the classroom.

Source: englishandimmigration

If you have any more queries, you can ask your question in the forum of Canadians Live.

Cost of Living in Canada

Canada

Canada is a beautiful country in northern America. It is the second world’s largest country by total area. Canada is the world’s tenth-largest economy as of 2018, with a nominal GDP of approximately US$1.73 trillion. It is one of the least corrupt countries in the world, and is one of the world’s top ten trading nations, with a highly globalized economy. Similarly, the Cost of Living in Canada is also a bit higher.

With the high standard of living and wonderful life in this country, many foreign people really want to study and work here. But one of the important things, they must care about is the cost of living. What is the average cost of living in Canada? Did you know that renting a furnished apartment in an expensive residential area could cost around 2,500 Canadian dollars?

The most expensive cities in Canada include:

•  Toronto in Ontario

•  Vancouver in British Columbia

•  Victoria in British Columbia

•  Hamilton-Burlington in Ontario

•  Calgary in Alberta

If your budget is small, choose to live in a place outside the major cities of Canada you can cut down on your cost of living. Some of the cheapest places to live in Canada include:

•  Abbotsford in British Columbia

•  St. Catherine’s in Ontario

•  Moncton in New Brunswick

•  The province of Quebec (Any place can be chosen)

Rent And Housing

Just similar to any other country the residential costs and rent happen to be the major part of the cost of living in Canada. Toronto in Ontario and Vancouver in British Columbia are the most popular cities in Canada chosen by people to migrate.

Choosing to live in cities like Ottawa, Montreal or Calgary could bring down the costs of housing and rent slightly. The rent could come to around 2,000 Canadian dollars for a furnished apartment in these places. It is the same in Vancouver.

If you are looking for a peaceful life you could move to a smaller town or a remote area. The housing costs and rent in such places are much cheaper than what you pay in the big cities.

Cost of Food

Even though the cost of groceries and food in Canada is not considered too expensive the prices could be slightly higher than the cost of food in countries like the USA. However, if you compare the prices to many of the European nations the cost of food is cheaper in Canada. The cost of food is a part of the cost of living that you should consider when making a decision.

Cost of Transportation In Canada

Another thing you should consider is the cost of transportation. In Canada, you have access to public transportation only in urban areas. So most Canadians depend on their own vehicles. The cost of public transportation is quite expensive in Canada.

Therefore, the majority of people tend to buy a vehicle for themselves to cut down the cost of traveling. Fuel prices in Canada are on the higher side compared to the prices in the US. If you have to drive a long way to work or college it’s going to cost you much more when it comes to your living expenses in Canada.

Conclusion

The cost of living in Canada depends largely on where you choose to live in. Living in the countryside or a rural area could help you save a lot of money as it is much cheaper. The cost of living could also vary depending on the province too.

If you have the freedom to choose a place to live in, comparing the prices of the nearby locations before making a final decision would be a good idea.

If you are looking for a city life be ready to pay more like your living costs. Once you decide on the exact place you want to live in Canada it will be easier for you to decide on a budget for your living expenses.

If you are planning to move to Canada one of the first things to consider is how much it will cost you to move to that place and the cost of living in Canada. You could be moving to Canada as a student with a Canada student visa or an employee with a Canada worker visa.

source: visa-help.

If you have any more queries, you can ask your question in the forum of Canadians Live.

Visitor & transit visas

Canada

Temporary travel to Canada: Visitor & transit visas

Every year, over 20 million people visit Canada on a temporary basis. All such visitors need the necessary documents to legally enter the country. This section covers the basics of two types of travel authorization; Visitor & transit visas.

Who needs a visitor or transit visa?

Who needs a visitor or transit visa?

All Canadian citizens, permanent residents, work and study permit holders, and citizens from visa-exempt countries do not need a visitor or transit visa to enter Canada. These individuals may do so using an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) or other official documents (for example, Canadian passports). Find more about the eTA application process and requirements in this article.

Likewise, individuals may also be judged ‘inadmissible’ to Canada for certain security, criminal or medical reasons, meaning their visa applications may be denied.

However, if you do not fall into one of these categories, you will need to obtain one of these visas to enter Canada legally:

Transit visa

Travelers (not falling into the above categories) stopping in Canada for less than 48 hours on their way to another country need to get a transit visa.

Visa-required travelers

Admissible individuals traveling to Canada for longer than 48 hours from the following countries (check under ‘Visa-required) need a visitor visa.

Under such visas (also known as temporary residents’ visas), individuals are usually permitted to stay in Canada for up to six months. However, on entry, border service officers may determine the allotted duration of their stay, meaning this period can last more or less than six months. In any case, these officials put the date by which individuals must leave in their passports and may also give them a document, called a visitor record, with the date by which they need to leave Canada.

Applications and entry

Processing times for both transit and visitor visa applications rarely exceed 30 days.

To apply for one of these visas, you will need to:

  • Complete and submit the respective application form (this can usually be done online)
  • Pay the application fee ($100 CAD)
  • Submit biometrics within 30 days of the date on the letter requesting you do this.

 To enter Canada on one of these visas, you need the following documents:

  • A valid passport with a minimum validity of six months remaining 
  • A completed Canadian Visa Application Form
  • Two recent passport size colored photos 
  • Bank statement which shows all recent (up to six months) transactions

 Canadian authorities may also ask certain individuals to:

  • Provide proof of the purpose of their trip to Canada (such as a letter of invitation from a Canadian permanent resident or company)
  • Send proof of their health condition. Thus, they may need a doctor’s examination before arriving depending on their country of current residence/origin.

Extensions

Individuals must apply to extend their visa at least 30 days prior to the end of its validity should they wish to remain in Canada longer than initially permitted. Usually, applicants may do this online, the processing time is up to 100 days and applicants must pay a fee starting at $100 CAD. Individuals are permitted to remain in Canada under “implied status” while their application is processed even if their initial visa expires during this time. Successful applicants are issued a visitor record and can stay in Canada until the date written on this.

Family visits

If you wish to visit parents or grandparents in Canada for longer than 6 months, you may apply to do so for up to 2 years at a time under a Super Visa. Super Visas are multi-entry visas valid for up to 10 years. Processing times vary depending on the nationality of the relative you are visiting but again, rarely takes over 100 days and incurs the same $100 CAD fee.

The process and documents required for minor children (below the age of 18) to travel to Canada vary depending on who they are traveling with.

source: justlanded

If you have any more queries, you can ask your question in the forum of Canadians Live.

Religious Rights in Canada

Canada

The IRCC, together with the Canadian government stands for equal rights across multicultural Canada and ensure Religious Rights in Canada.

Canada is recognized globally for its leadership on human rights issues and takes principled positions to promote Canadian values of pluralism and tolerance throughout the world.

On February 19, 2013, the Government of Canada officially opened its Office of Religious Freedom, within Foreign Affairs, Trade, and Development Canada. A Canada-based ambassador and a team of officials carry out the office’s mandate, which is to:

Protect, and advocate on behalf of, religious minorities under threat;
Oppose religious hatred and intolerance; and
Promote Canadian values of pluralism and tolerance abroad.

In Canada’s view, freedom of religion or belief, including the ability to worship in peace and security, is a universal human right. Through the Office of Religious Freedom, Canada will continue to work with like-minded partners to speak out against egregious violations of freedom of religion, denounce violence against human rights defenders, and condemn attacks on worshipers and places of worship around the world.

Your religious rights are protected in:
Employment (e.g. job interviews)
Housing (e.g. hotels, rental housing)
Services, goods, and facilities (e.g. restaurants, education)
Contracts (e.g. cellphone contract)
Unions, professional associations, and other vocational associations
According to the Canadian Human Rights Act, the following offenses are prohibited:
Denying someone goods, services, facilities, or accommodation
Providing someone goods, services, facilities, or accommodation in a way that treats them adversely and differently
Refusing to employ or continue to employ someone, or treating them unfairly in the workplace
Following policies or practices that deprive people of employment opportunities.
Paying men and women differently when they are doing work of the same value
Retaliating against a person who has filed a complaint with the Commission or against someone who has filed a complaint for them
Harassing someone

Who do I contact if I feel that I have been discriminated against?

If you feel that you have been discriminated against in any way, then you can contact:

The Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC)

The Canadian Human Rights Commission

source: canadianvisa

If you have any more queries, you can ask your question in the forum of Canadians Live.